Opiate Detox

The sensation of being high is pleasurable and most people crave to recreate it. But, it does not take very long for a physical and physiological addiction to develop and for people to become dependent on a certain drug. Once people become addicted, the drug takes command of their life and denial about their problems can keep them locked into this mirage of a world that seems to them like utopia — their only escape.

The New York Times reports that opiates are responsible for more deaths than any other medicine or drug.

Just like other drugs, Opium can be an extremely addictive drug, which would mean that people do not have to use it numerous times before they become dependent on and addicted to it. Opium is a naturally occurring drug while Opiates are drugs derived from opium. The New York Times reports that opiates are responsible for more deaths than any other medicine or drug.

To say that an individual has established an addiction suggests that they have developed a physical as well as the psychological need for the drug, to stimulate euphoria. Once addiction kicks in people become so dependent on the drug that they psychologically trick themselves into thinking that they cannot function without it, some become so weak that they cannot even muster the courage to try to function without it, although, those who realize that how the drug is ruining their life and them recognize that they harbor a harmful substance abuse problem that they, want to but, cannot control, have the will to change and the courage to try to get their life back on track, they go for opium withdrawal and addiction recovery.

Although, when addicts decide to stop using opiate they experience withdrawal symptoms. Since, due to the repeated intake, the body adapts to chronic opiate use, when the use of the substance ceases the body responds with withdrawal symptoms. These have been described as flu-like in nature. The most common opiate withdrawal signs and symptoms include:

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Opiate Withdrawal Symptoms & Timeline

  • Watery eyes
  • Runny nose
  • Sweats
  • Fever
  • Depression
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Muscle aches and pains
  • Insomnia or other sleep problems
  • Diarrhea
  • Dilated pupils
  • Loss of appetite
  • Restlessness
  • Agitation
  • Tremors
  • Abdominal cramps
  • Increased blood pressure and heart rate
  • How long a person has been dependent on opiates
  • The type of opiate the person is dependent on
  • The frequency and severity of opiate abuse
  • Underlying medical conditions
  • The co-occurring existence of a psychological health issue
  • Highly stressful and unsupportive surroundings

Opioid withdrawal drug mostly adheres to a specific timeline. The withdrawal symptoms usually peak within 48-72 hours and subside within a period of 10 days. Although, the onset duration and intensity of withdrawal symptoms will be different for each person but the general opiate withdrawal timeline includes the following;

  • 8-12 hours. Anxiety, agitation, watery eyes, runny nose, and increased sweating.
  • 12-24 hours. Nausea, stomach cramps, vomiting, diarrhea, goose bumps, and dilated pupils.
  • 36-72 hours. Symptoms peak and then gradually subside over the next few days.

The period and extent of withdrawal symptoms also depend on whether the opioid is long-acting or short-acting. Since heroin is relatively short-acting as compared to other opiates, therefore, heroin withdrawal symptoms appear after hours of the last dose and may last for a little bit less. While longer-acting opioid painkillers may not provoke withdrawal symptoms till some days after the final dose, and the symptoms may, perhaps, last for weeks.

Opiate Withdrawal Treatment

Treatment for opiate addiction usually starts with detoxification from the drug trailed by either inpatient treatment or some specified procedure of organized outpatient treatment (partial hospitalization or concentrated outpatient programs).

Only a finely managed treatment facility provides a steady and comfortable setting in which detox of the drug can take place while providing opiate withdrawal support and medications to help decrease the possibility of complications and difficulties associated with opiate withdrawal. Detoxing at a medically supervised facility can, not only, minimize the severity of the symptoms but also, significantly, making the withdrawal process easier and more comfortable to endure.

Opiate detox at home can be a bit tricky. The unaided withdrawal may not, in any way, be life-threatening, but there is a major possibility that it will lead to relapse. While medications and therapy, that are accessible in and the main part of medical detox, makes the possibility of relapse a whole lot less probable as compared to treating opiate withdrawal on a personal basis.

Opiate medications used to counter opioid addiction can help to lessen the unpleasant and painful impact of withdrawal symptoms associated with opioids. The opiate detoxification process is not exactly the same as other drug detox choices that are provided for other elements of abuse and addiction.

Medications have been officially approved by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) exclusively to treat opioid dependence. The new medications have opened up various opioid detox treatment methods.

Opiate Detoxm Educations

  • Buprenorphine – It is generally prescribed to reduce the span of time it takes for opiate detoxification and assists an individual in upholding prolonged abstinence from opiates.
  • Methadone – It relieves and reduces the unpleasant impact of withdrawal symptoms. It is also used as a long-term maintenance therapy for opiate addicted people.
  • Naltrexone – It blocks the effects of opiates and may be used to induce withdrawal by making it easy. As it does not let the opiate intake affect the individual, therefore, it may also be used to avert future dependence and misuse.
  • Clonidine – It can help diminish the flu-like symptoms that come with opiate withdrawal, along with other withdrawal symptoms like the anxiety and agitation most people experience.

Other medications may be used for symptoms such as stomach cramps, diarrhea, insomnia, anxiety, and depression.

Medical detox helps smooth the withdrawal process, reduces side effects, prevents serious complications, and lessons opiate cravings, which overall, offers a decent start towards recovery and helps to maintain sobriety long-term. Detox has to be followed with counseling, education and awareness, family and individual therapy, and also support groups, as they can aid an individual in his/her attempt to stop using drugs and continue sobriety.

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If you or a loved one is dealing with dependence or addiction to opiates, contact our treatment support at Holistix Treatment Centers to find the best treatment option for you.